Fire fighting means extinguishing the fire with water or an extinguisher. Fire is extremely important in our day-to-day life. Our day begins with the lit-up of the fire in the kitchen. Also, our day concludes with the lit-up of the fire within the kitchen. Fire is understood by the person since the start of human life on this mother planet. Our ancestors were conscious of wildfire. This wildfire had taught the cooking of food to our ancestors. Since then, we are lighting up the hearth a day within the kitchen to cook the food. Our ancestors were too lit up a fire to guard themselves against the harshness of rainy and winter seasons. Even when the man got civilized and began living within the house were too lit up the oil lamps within the house to urge the sunshine.
Every day we play with fire, its very essential for our survival. Fire is both friend and foe to us.it is to be handled in a controlled manner. Uncontrolled fires are often devastating and should convert our life and property to ashes within seconds. To stop the fire from happening we should always understand the mechanism of fireside to occur.
MECHANISM OF FIRE
Fire may occur if the subsequent substances are available plentiful within the premises:
(1)Combustible or flammable material
(2)Availability of air or oxygen
(3)Heat source or flame availability, Atmospheric air temperature also play the key role within the fire to occur, if the air temperature is quite more the flashpoint of the combustible fuel stored within the premises.
CLASSIFICATION OF FIRE
Based on the combustible involved within the occurrence of fireside, fire is classified as follows:
Class A: in school A, a fire, organic materials like paper, wood, textile, and plastic are involved.
Class B: in school B fire non-miscible liquid like petrol, oil, and other hydrocarbons, and miscible liquid like alcohol is involved.
Class C: in school C fire petroleum gases like LPG, Propane, acetylene are involved
Class D: in school D fire solid metal powder like sodium, potassium, titanium, and magnesium are involved.
Class E: this is often the hearth in the insulation of electrical machines.
Class F: this is often the hearth in vegetable oil
CHECKS TO STOP HOUSE FIRE
1)Check your gas range in the kitchen for any leakage and rectify it.
(2)Clean the gas range regularly for its proper functioning.
(3)Check the tubing of the gas range for any breakage or aging and replace it.
(4)Check the right functioning of the cylinder regulator.
(5)Do not keep the combustibles surrounding the cylinder.
(6)Store the flammable product like kerosene, oil in a cool, covered open place.
(7)Handle the flame carefully if the candle is lit up.
(8)All electrical loose connections to be tightened.
(9)Earthing to be provided to all or any equipment running on electricity.
(10)Avoid running heavy equipment with a domestic power supply.
(11)Check all fire alarms and smoke detectors regularly for his or her functioning.
(12)Keep the hearth extinguisher in the kitchen
CHECKS TO STOP INDUSTRIAL FIRE
(1)Hot work to be avoided within the field in a rainy season.
(2)All the statutory and industrial procedures for decent work to be followed strictly.
(3)Fire extinguisher and running water hose to be kept nearby hot work site.
(4)The hot work area must be clean, with no combustible to be round the hot working area.
(5)During the rainy season junction boxes within the field to be covered with waterproof covers.
(6)Canopies to be provided to all or any electrical equipment to guard them against rain.
(7)All electrical equipment’s to be checked for loose connection and to be tightened.
(8)All extinguisher and fire hydrants to checked for correct functioning.
(9)All extinguishers and smoke detectors to tested regularly for his or her functioning.
We should follow all the precautionary measures to stop the hearth from happening. However, if the hearth occurs we should always be ready to operate primary fire fighting equipment the hearth extinguisher.
There are many sorts of fireside extinguishers. Different sorts of extinguishers are wont to fight the various class of fireside.
As per the hearth triangle when the three elements: combustible, air or oxygen, and warmth source are available then the hearth takes place. The function of the extinguisher is to eliminate one or two elements, in this manner the hearth is extinguished.
TYPE OF EXTINGUISHER
(5)Water and foam
(8)Dry chemical cartridge operated